With gratitude’s to Herodotus, Homer, Strabon and Hittite inscriptions
together with all the ancient historians and geographers,
for the shed they have lighted on Anatolia’s long history..


This beautiful land is the Asiatic portion of contemporary Turkey, extending from the Bosporus and Aegean coast, eastward to the borders of the Soviet Union, Iran, and Iraq. The Greeks and Romans used to call western Anatolia “Asia.” Later the name “Asia Minor,” or “Little Asia,” was used to distinguish Anatolia from the greater Asian continent. The land that makes up most of modern-day Turkey, has been home to the earth’s oldest known settled civilizations since prehistoric times and is characterized by remarkable continuity.   The region lies alongside Mesopotamia, is considered the “cradle of civilization.”

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ANATOLIA BY AGES..

 

1.8 MILLIONS YEARS AGO

GOBEKLITEPE (10.000 BCE)
THE NEOLITHIC AGE
CHALCOLITHIC AGE (5500-3000 BCE)
BRONZ AGE (3000-1200 BCE)
ASSYRIAN TRADE COLONIES (1950-1750 BCE)
THE HITTITE KINGDOM (1750-750 BCE)
TROIA (3000 BCE-600 AD)
IRON AGE (1200-700 BCE)
PHYRGIA (1190-700 BCE)
IONIA (1050-300 BCE)
LYCIAN (CARIA) 1200-500 BCE-300 AD
THE ANCIENT INHIBITANTS OF ANATOLIA (SINCE 2500 BCE)
IRON AGE TO CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY
URARTIANS (860-580 BCE)
ANATOLI’A DARK AGE ( 700-490 BCE)
LYDIANS (700-300 BCE)
THE ACHAMENID IN ANATOLIA ( 545-383 BCE)
HELLENISTIC PERIOD (330-30 BCE)
COMMAGENE ( 163 BCE-72 AD)
THE ROMAN PERIOD (133 BC-27 BC) (27 BC-330 AD)
BYZANTINE (EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE) 395 AD- 1453 AD
THE SELJUK PERIOD (1071-1299)
THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE (1299-1922)