Unesco World Heritage in Turkey
THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD
Two of the seven wonders were situated in what is now Turkey, although little survived to the present day; The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus and the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus.
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The Temple was built to house the cult image of Artemis Ephesia which shares many features in common with the Anatolian Mother Goddess Cybele. The temple was devastated by fire in 262 AD, and although the temple itself has not survived, some of its sculptures have and are now housed in the British Museum in London.
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus.
The Mausoleum was completed in 350 BC after the death of the Carian satrap Mausolus by his wife and sister Artemisia II, the actual construction being done by the architect Pytheos. The monument tomb was in the centre of Halicarnassos, rising over a large plot of land, with sections of the walls bearing inscriptions and was decorated with statues. In its centre are Ionian columns and the inner walls were covered with reliefs. On the top of the pyramid there was a chariot drawn by four horses, with the figures of the King and Queen riding in it. The famous sculptors Skopas, Leokhares, Bryaksis and Tomotheos worked on the status and reliefs.
TURKEY’S WORLD HERITAGE SITES
Turkey has a total of 16 cultural and natural sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as of 2016. Explore Turkey’s wonderful historical tales at the country’s fifteen world heritage sites.
Cultural Sites: Historic Areas of Istanbul, City of Safranbolu, Hattusha: The Hittite Capital, Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi, Mount Nemrut, Xanthos-Letoon, Archaeological Site of Troy, Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex, Neolithic Site of Catalhoyuk, Bursa and Cumalikizik: The Birth of The Ottoman Empire, Pergamon and its Multilayered Cultural Landscape, Ephesus, Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape, Archeological Site of Ani.
TURKEY’S UNESCO TENTATIVE LIST
This tentative list includes 60 sites, which are mixed sites as cultural and natural. Turkey’s objectives are to protect such universal, cultural and natural values, to make worldwide promotion of them by means of using international sources, and to transfer them to the future generations. Turkey’s Unesco Tentative List includes the following sites.
|1994 – 2011||2011 – 2014||2014 – 2015|
|*Karain Cave, Antalya (1994)||Gobeklitepe Archaeological Site, Sanliurfa (2011)||Ancient City of Korykos, Mersin (2014)|
|*Sumela Monastery, Trabzon (2000)||Historic City of Ani, Kars (2012)||Archaeological Site of Arslantepe, Malatya (2014)|
|*Alahan Monastery, Mersin (2000||Antique City of Aizanoi, Kutahya (2012)||Archaeological Site of Kultepe-Kanesh, Kayseri (2014)|
|*St. Nicholas Church, Antalya (2000)||Medieval City of Becin, Mugla (2012)||Canakkale (Dardanelles) and Gelibolu (Gallipoli) Battles Zones in the First World War, Canakkale (2014)|
|*Harran and Sanliurfa Settlements, Sanliurfa (2000)||Historic Town of Birgi, Izmir (2012)||Eflatun Pinar: The Hittite Spring Sanctuary, Konya (2014)|
|*The Tombstones of Ahlat the Urartian and Ottoman Citadel, Bitlis (2000)||Gordion, Ankara (2012)||Iznik (Nicaea), Bursa (2014)|
|*Seljuk Caravanserais on the route from Denizli to Dogubeyazit (2000)||Haci Bektas Veli Complex, Nevsehir (2012)||Mahmut Bey Mosque, Kastamonu (2014)|
|*Konya A Capital of Seljuk Civilisation, Konya (2000)||Mausoleum and Sacred Area of Hecatomnus, Mugla (2012)||Tomb of Ahi Evran, Kirsehir (2014)|
|*Alanya Castle and Dockyard, Antalya (2000)||Historical Monuments of Nigde, Nigde (2012)||Vespasianus Titus Tunnel, Antakya (2014)|
|*Mardin Cultural Landscape, Mardin (2000)||Mamure Castle, Mersin (2012)||Zeynel Abidin Mosque Complex and Mor Yakup (Saint Jacob) Church, Mardin (2014)|
|*St. Paul Church, St. Pauls Well and surrounding historic quarters, Tarsus (2000)||Odunpazari Historical Urban Site, Eskisehir (2012)||Akdamar Church, Van (2015)|
|*Ishak Pasha Palace, Agri (2000)||Yesemek Quarry and Sculpture Workshop, Gaziantep (2012)||Ancient City of Stratonikeia, Mugla (2015)|
|*Kekova, Antalya (2000)||Archeological Site of Zeugma, Gaziantep (2012)||Eshab-i Kehf Kulliye, Kahramanmaras (2015)|
|*Gulluk Mountain Termessos National Park, Antalya (2000)||Archaeological Site of Laodikeia, Denizli (2013)||Historic Guild Town of Mudurnu, Bolu (2015)|
|*Archaeological Site of Aphrodisias, Aydin (2009)||Lake Tuz Special Environmental Protection Area, Ankara (2013)||Ismail Fakirullah Tomb and its Light Refraction Mechanism, Siirt (2015)|
|*Ancient Cities of Lycian Civilisation, Antalya (2009)||Trading Posts and Fortifications on Genoese Trade Routes from the Mediterranean to the Black Sea, (2013)||Mount Harsena and the Rock Tombs of the Pontic Kings, Amasya (2015)|
|*Archaeological Site Of Sagalassos, Burdur (2009)||The Ancient City of Sardis and the Lydian Tumuli of Bintepe, Manisa (2013)||Mountainous Phrygia, Eskisehir-Kutahya-Afyon (2015)|
|*Archaeological Site of Perge, Antalya (2009)||Anatolian Seljuks Madrasahs, Konya, Erzurum, Sivas, Kayseri, Kirsehir (2014)||Uzunkopru Bridge, Edirne (2015)|
|*Esrefoglu Mosque, Beysehir (2011)||Ancient City of Anazarbos, Adana (2014)||The Theatre and Aqueducts of the Ancient City of Aspendos, Antalya (2015)|
|*St. Pierre Church, Hatay (2011)||Ancient City of Kaunos, Mugla (2014)||Yildiz Palace Complex, Istanbul (2015)|