Unesco World Heritage in Turkey




Two of the seven wonders were situated in what is now Turkey, although little survived to the present day; The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus and the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus.

The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The Temple was built to house the cult image of Artemis Ephesia which shares many features in common with the Anatolian Mother Goddess Cybele. The temple was devastated by fire in 262 AD, and although the temple itself has not survived, some of its sculptures have and are now housed in the British Museum in London.

Mausoleum of Halicarnassus.
The Mausoleum was completed in 350 BC after the death of the Carian satrap Mausolus by his wife and sister Artemisia II, the actual construction being done by the architect Pytheos. The monument tomb was in the centre of Halicarnassos, rising over a large plot of land, with sections of the walls bearing inscriptions and was decorated with statues. In its centre are Ionian columns and the inner walls were covered with reliefs. On the top of the pyramid there was a chariot drawn by four horses, with the figures of the King and Queen riding in it. The famous sculptors Skopas, Leokhares, Bryaksis and Tomotheos worked on the status and reliefs.


Turkey has a total of 17 cultural and natural sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as of 2017. Explore Turkey’s wonderful historical tales at the country’s seventeen world heritage sites.

Unesco Cultural Sites:

Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi, Sivas (1985)
Historic Areas of Istanbul (1985)
Hattusha: The Hittite Capital, Corum (1986)
Mount Nemrut, Adiyaman (1987)
Xanthos-Letoon, Antalya-Mugla (1988)
City of Safranbolu, Karabuk (1994)
Archaeological Site of Troy, Canakkale (1998)
Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex, Edirne (2011)
Neolithic Site of Catalhoyuk, Konya (2012)
Bursa and Cumalikizik: The Birth of The Ottoman Empire (2014)
Pergamon and its Multilayered Cultural Landscape, Izmir (2014)
Ephesus, Izmir (2015)
Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape (2015)
Historic City of Ani, Kars (2016)
Aphrodisias, Aydin (2017

Unesco Cultural/Natural Sites:

Goreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia, Nevsehir (1985)
Hierapolis-Pamukkale, Denizli (1988)


This tentative list includes 72 sites, which are mixed sites as cultural and natural. Turkey’s objectives are to protect such universal, cultural and natural values, to make worldwide promotion of them by means of using international sources, and to transfer them to the future generations. Turkey’s Unesco Tentative List includes the following sites as of 2017.


1994 – 2000 – 2009 – 2011

2012 – 2013 –  2014

2015- 2016- 2017

Karain Cave, Antalya (1994)
Sumela Monastery, Trabzon (2000)
Alahan Monastery, Mersin (2000
St. Nicholas Church, Antalya (2000)
Harran and Sanliurfa Settlements, Sanliurfa (2000)
The Tombstones of Ahlat the Urartian and Ottoman Citadel, Bitlis (2000)
Seljuk Caravanserais on the route from Denizli to Dogubeyazit (2000)
Konya A Capital of Seljuk Civilisation, Konya (2000)
Alanya Castle and Dockyard, Antalya (2000)
Mardin Cultural Landscape, Mardin (2000)
St. Paul Church, St. Pauls Well and surrounding historic quarters, Tarsus (2000)
Ishak Pasha Palace, Agri (2000)
Kekova, Antalya (2000)
Gulluk Mountain Termessos National Park, Antalya (2000)
Ancient Cities of Lycian Civilisation, Antalya (2009)
Archaeological Site Of Sagalassos, Burdur (2009)
Archaeological Site of Perge, Antalya (2009)
Esrefoglu Mosque, Beysehir (2011)
St. Pierre Church, Hatay (2011)
Gobeklitepe Archaeological Site, Sanliurfa (2011)
Antique City of Aizanoi, Kutahya (2012)
Medieval City of Becin, Mugla (2012)
Historic Town of Birgi, Izmir (2012)
Gordion, Ankara (2012)
Haci Bektas Veli Complex, Nevsehir (2012)
Mausoleum and Sacred Area of Hecatomnus, Mugla (2012)
Historical Monuments of Nigde, Nigde (2012)
Mamure Castle, Mersin (2012)
Odunpazari Historical Urban Site, Eskisehir (2012)
Yesemek Quarry and Sculpture Workshop, Gaziantep (2012)
Archeological Site of Zeugma, Gaziantep (2012)
Archaeological Site of Laodikeia, Denizli (2013)
Lake Tuz Special Environmental Protection Area, Ankara (2013)
Trading Posts and Fortifications on Genoese Trade Routes from the Mediterranean to the Black Sea, (2013)
The Ancient City of Sardis and the Lydian Tumuli of Bintepe, Manisa (2013)
Anatolian Seljuks Madrasahs, Konya, Erzurum, Sivas, Kayseri, Kirsehir (2014)
Ancient City of Anazarbos, Adana (2014)
Ancient City of Kaunos, Mugla (2014)
Ancient City of Korykos, Mersin (2014)
Archaeological Site of Arslantepe, Malatya (2014)
Archaeological Site of Kultepe-Kanesh, Kayseri (2014)
Canakkale (Dardanelles) and Gelibolu (Gallipoli) Battles Zones in the First World War, Canakkale (2014)
Eflatun Pinar: The Hittite Spring Sanctuary, Konya (2014)
Iznik (Nicaea), Bursa (2014)
Mahmut Bey Mosque, Kastamonu (2014)
Tomb of Ahi Evran, Kirsehir (2014)
Vespasianus Titus Tunnel, Antakya (2014)
Zeynel Abidin Mosque Complex and Mor Yakup (Saint Jacob) Church, Mardin (2014)
Akdamar Church, Van (2015)
Ancient City of Stratonikeia, Mugla (2015)
Eshab-i Kehf Kulliye, Kahramanmaras (2015)
Historic Guild Town of Mudurnu, Bolu (2015)
Ismail Fakirullah Tomb and its Light Refraction Mechanism, Siirt (2015)
Mount Harsena and the Rock Tombs of the Pontic Kings, Amasya (2015)
Mountainous Phrygia, Eskisehir-Kutahya-Afyon (2015)
Uzunkopru Bridge, Edirne (2015)
The Theatre and Aqueducts of the Ancient City of Aspendos, Antalya (2015)
Yildiz Palace Complex, Istanbul (2015)
Ancient city of Kibyra, Burdur (2016)
Haci Bayram Mosque and its Surrounding Area, Ankara (2016)
Kizilirmak Delta Wetland and Bird Sanctuary, Samsun (2016)
Nuruosmaniye Complex, Istanbul (2016)
Sivrihisar Great Mosque, Eskisehir (2016)
Sultan Bayezid II Complex: A Center of Medical Treatment, Edirne (2016)
Bodrum Castle, Mugla (2016)
Malabadi Bridge, Diyarbakir (2016)
Tushpa/Van Fortress, the Mound and the Old City of Van, Van(2016)
Yivli Minaret Mosque, Antalya (2016)
Archaeological Site of Assos, Canakkale (2017)
Ayvalik Industrial Landscape, Balikesir (2017)
Ivriz Cultural Landscape, Konya (2017)