Troy (Ilion) Level I.-IX. is dated back to 2900-600 AD. Troy was at first known through Homer, until an Archaeologist, Heinrich Schliemann in 1870 followed the geographical clues in the ‘Iliad’ and began excavating North West Turkey. As told by Homer’s Iliad the King of Troy, was Priam, which was waged war upon the Trojans by the Achaeans (Greeks) over Helen, the wife of Agamemnon, who was kidnapped by Paris, the Prince of Troy. As Paris refused to return Helen, the War is thought to have lasted about ten years or more and eventually the Greeks won by using the deception of offering the Trojans a statue of a Horse as a gift that they would take inside the Walls of Troy, once inside the statue was filled with the Greek warriors that were able to open the Gates of Troy allowing and the Greeks to overcome, burn and pillage the city..
Portion of the legendary walls of Troy (VII), identified as the site of the Trojan War (ca. 1200 BC)Ancient Greek historians placed the Trojan War variously in our 12th, 13th, or 14th century BC: Eratosthenes to 1184 BC, Herodotus to 1250 BC, Duris of Samos to 1334 BC. Modern archaeologists associate Homeric Troy with archaeological Troy VII.
The layers of ruins in the citadel at Hisarlik are numbered Troy I – Troy IX, with various subdivisions:
|* Troy I 3000–2600 BC
* Troy II 2600–2250 BC
* Troy III 2250–2100 BC
* Troy IV 2100–1950 BC
* Troy V: 20th–18th centuries BC
* Troy VI: 17th–15th centuries BC
* Troy VIh: late Bronze Age, 14th century BC
* Troy VIIa: ca. 1300–1190 BC, most likely setting for Homer’s story
|* Troy VIIb1: 12th century BC
* Troy VIIb2: 11th century BC
* Troy VIIb3: until ca. 950 BC
* Troy VIII: around 700 BC
* Troy IX: Hellenistic-Roman Ilium, circa 600 AD
The Archeological site of TROY
Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 2.12.1998
List Reference: 849 Criteria: Culture
SITE: Canakkale – Troia (Troy) National Park, located at the entrance of the Dardanelles.